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    It is an open access online peer reviewed journal that publishes research papers, review articles and case studies in the discipline of Mechanical Engineering

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    It is an open access online peer reviewed journal that publishes research papers, review articles and case studies in the discipline of Computer and Electronics Engineering

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PLC Based 2D Pneumatic Palletizer Design and Manufacturing

[Uday C. Patil, Manoj M. Nehete] Volume 4: Issue 3, Sept 2017, pp 

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------AbstractThe proper material handling has a huge impact on production and distribution system. The use of pallets is efficient to handle small objects in large quantities so as to properly pack in cartons. The manual palletization is time consuming, expensive and also puts unnecessary stress on workers. The palletizers available are manual and microcontroller based. These solutions are not flexible enough to match production system requirements, and not cost effective as well.  In this study the main aim is to incorporate flexibility with the help of PLC while being cost effective. It is proposed to have desired flexibility in pallet array size and layers in pallet.  The proposed system has the pallet array size of 3×3 to 5×5 and single layer to 3 layers.  The neatly and aesthetically designed control panel is used to select array size, layer control with advance PLC programming features.  The algorithm is so designed it shall smoothly bridge other FMS components like conveyer.  This system is not only cost effective but also adds the dimension of flexibility to palletization, so as to make it capable of handling future requirements including change in operation, etc. with the help of simple change in programming and/ or control and thus shall be avoiding expensive hardware changes.

Index Terms Palletizer, Palletiser, Programmable PLC, Material Handling
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REFERENCES

[1] Sean Gallagher and John R. Heberger, “The effects of operator position, pallet orientation, and palletizing condition on low back loads in manual bag palletizing operations,” Published by Elsevier B.V,  0169-8141, 25 March 2015.
[2] C.G. Drury, D.P. Roberts, R. Hansgenand and J.R. Bayman “Evaluation of a paltetising aid,” Applied Ergonomics, vol. Ed.14.4, pp. 242-246, Dec.1983.
[3] Balsubramaniam Ram, “The pallet loading problem: A survey,” International Journal of Producation Economics, vol. Ed. 28, pp. 217-225, June 1992.
[4] Yi Chich Chiu, Din Sue Fon and Gang Jhy Wu, “Development of an Automatic Pallet Handling System for Seeded Trays,” Published by Elsevier Ltd, Biosystems Engineering, vol Ed. 93.2, pp. 123-138, Jan. 2006.
[5] Pavel Dzitac and Abdul Md Mazid, “A Robotic Palletiser Control Strategy Redesign,” Published by IEEE 8th conference on Industrial Electronics and Application,  978-1-4673-6322-8, Aug. 2013.
[6]Nadia Baldassino, Claudio Bernuzzi, “Analysis and behaviour of steel storage pallet racks,” Published by Elsevier B.V,  vol. Ed. 77, pp. 391-401, 24 March 2000.
[7] M.H.R. Godley, R.G. Beale and X. Feng, “Analysis and design of down-aisle pallet rack structures,” Published by Elsevier B.V, Computers and Structures, vol. Ed. 37, pp. 277-304, 24 July 2000.
[8] Chin-Sheng Chen, Balasubramanian Ram and Sanjiv Sarin, “Design and Development of a Physical Simulator for Robotic Palletization,” Published by Pergamon Press plc, Computers ind. Engng, vol. Ed. 17 1-4, pp. 202-208, 1989.
[9] Valerio Elia and Maria Grazia Gnoni, “Designing an effective closed loop system for pallet management,” Published by  Int. J. Production Evonomics, S0925-5273(15)00182-6, 19 May 2015.
[10] J. Singh, E. Olsen, K. Vorst and K. Tripp, “RFID Tag Readability Issues with Palletized Loads of Consumer Goods, ”Published by Wiley InterScience, Packing Technology and Science, vol. Ed. 22, pp. 431-441, 4 June 2009.

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Design and Fabrication of PLC Based Conveyor System with Programmable Stations

[Manoj M. Nehete, Prof. A. P. Tadmalle, Dhiraj S. Patil] Volume 4: Issue 3, Sept 2017, pp 

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA
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Abstract The conveyors are the basic primitive component of material handling. There are various types of conveyors used in industry like belt conveyor, chain conveyor, gravity conveyor, etc.  The basic features of conveyor systems are not only to convey the objects but also to stop at predefined locations for some operation.  The dissertation on conveyor is taken up to design and manufacture a table top model, with programmable number of stations and relevant control panel.  The proposed conveyor is 780mm long, capable of conveying the objects of 60 cubic mm size, The number of stations are programmable from 2 to 5, with or without interlocks.  The efficient use of timers and counters are incorporated to optimize the i/os.  The proposed conveyor is PLC based and with little amendment, it will be coupled with the palletizer.   The advanced programming features of PLC with respect to timers and counters and programmable variable inputs are the key operating features which minimizes the input and outputs as required by PLC. 

Index TermsProgrammable conveyer, Palletizer, Palletiser, Programmable PLC, Material Handling
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REFERENCES


[1] Sean Gallagher and John R. Heberger, “The effects of operator position, pallet orientation, and palletizing condition on low back loads in manual bag palletizing operations,” Published by Elsevier B.V,  0169-8141, 25 March 2015.
[2] C.G. Drury, D.P. Roberts, R. Hansgenand and J.R. Bayman “Evaluation of a paltetising aid,” Applied Ergonomics, vol. Ed.14.4, pp. 242-246, Dec.1983.
[3] Balsubramaniam Ram, “The pallet loading problem: A survey,” International Journal of Producation Economics, vol. Ed. 28, pp. 217-225, June 1992.
[4] Yi Chich Chiu, Din Sue Fon and Gang Jhy Wu, “Development of an Automatic Pallet Handling System for Seeded Trays,” Published by Elsevier Ltd, Biosystems Engineering, vol Ed. 93.2, pp. 123-138, Jan. 2006.
[5] Pavel Dzitac and Abdul Md Mazid, “A Robotic Palletiser Control Strategy Redesign,” Published by IEEE 8th conference on Industrial Electronics and Application,  978-1-4673-6322-8, Aug. 2013.
[6] Nadia Baldassino, Claudio Bernuzzi, “Analysis and behaviour of steel storage pallet racks,” Published by Elsevier B.V,  vol. Ed. 77, pp. 391-401, 24 March 2000.
[7] M.H.R. Godley, R.G. Beale and X. Feng, “Analysis and design of down-aisle pallet rack structures,” Published by Elsevier B.V, Computers and Structures, vol. Ed. 37, pp. 277-304, 24 July 2000.
[8] Chin-Sheng Chen, Balasubramanian Ram and Sanjiv Sarin, “Design and Development of a Physical Simulator for Robotic Palletization,” Published by Pergamon Press plc, Computers ind. Engng, vol. Ed. 17 1-4, pp. 202-208, 1989.
[9] Valerio Elia and Maria Grazia Gnoni, “Designing an effective closed loop system for pallet management,” Published by  Int. J. Production Evonomics, S0925-5273(15)00182-6, 19 May 2015.
[10] J. Singh, E. Olsen, K. Vorst and K. Tripp, “RFID Tag Readability Issues with Palletized Loads of Consumer Goods, ”Published by Wiley InterScience, Packing Technology and Science, vol. Ed. 22, pp. 431-441, 4 June 2009.
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Experimental Analysis of Natural Convection Heat Transfer on Different Types of Fins

[Suvarna A. Patil, Dattatray A. Chopade, Ashish N. Sarode, Rajesh V. Dahibhate] Volume 4: Issue 3, Sept 2017, pp 

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.3.4.20170905
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Abstract- The process of increasing heat transfer rate from surface whenever it is not possible to increase  temperature difference between surfaces, commonly known as fins, often offer an economical and trouble free solution in many situations demanding natural convection heat transfer. They find aptness not only in electronic equipment’s but also in important areas like electrical transformers, heat exchanger, chemical processing system etc. As proper heat dissipation results in saving of power and lessen chances of overheating problems, perforation are made on the fins. Perforated fin improves heat transfer rate collate to solid fin by varying the different parameter like shape of perforation, diameter of perforation and number of perforation. Moreover notches of different aspect ratio have also been analyzed for the purpose of contrast and optimization. In a lengthwise short array where the single chimney flow pattern is present, the central portion of fin flat becomes futile due to the fact that, already heated air comes in its contact. In the present study, the fin flats are modified by deposing the central fin portion by cutting a triangular, rectangular and unnotch. This  report presents  an experimental setup developing for studying the investigation on normal and inverted notched fin arrays .Attempts are made to establish a comparison between the experimental results and results obtained by using Ansys software.


Index terms- Ansys Simulation, Optimization, Heat Transfer, Notches, Natural convection
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REFERENCES
[1]  Sanjeev D. Suryawanshi, Narayan K. Sane,” Natural Convection Heat Transfer From Horizontal Rectangular Inverted Notched Fin Arrays” ,Trans  of the ASME , Vol. 131 ,AUGUST 2009
[2] V.Sivaprakasam, J. Kalil Basha,R.Udhayarasu, D. Siva,” Experimental investigation on the performance of longitudinal fins with different notches using mixed convection heat transfer” ,International journal of research in aeronautical and mechanical engineering ,Vol.3 Issue.6, June 2015. Pgs: 12-20
[3] S. H. Barhatte, M. R. Chopade,” Experimental and Computational Analysis and Optimization for Heat   Transfer through Fins with Triangular Notch”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, ISSN 2250-2459, Volume 2, Issue 7, July 2012
[4] A.V. Zoman , D. D. Palande,” Heat transfer enhancement using fins with perforation: a Review”, International journal of engineering sciences & research Technology, ISSN: 2277-9655 July, 2016
[5] N. A. Nawale, A.S. Pawar,” Experiment On Heat Transfer Through Fins Having Different Notches”, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-ISSN: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, PP     46-49
[6] Shivdas S. Kharche, Hemant S. Farkade,” Heat Transfer Analysis through Fin Array by Using Natural Convection”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, ISSN 2250-2459, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 20
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