Combine Vertical Pipe Bending and Rolling Machine

[S. A. Khapare, Kiran M. Shinde] Volume 6: Issue 2, May 2019, pp  54 - 58

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.2.6.20190410

Abstract The study represents combination of pipe bending- rolling machine assembled vertical and which works on less supply of the input power. The both operations can be done on the same machine. The defects occurred are tedious to eliminate. The main objective behind this machine was to lower the space utilized by the machine and initial cost of it too.

Index terms - Forming, Bending- Rolling, Bending
[1] Prashant P. Khandare, Dhiral N. Patel, Mayur K. Aher, Ravi S. Parbat, Prof. Swapnil S. Paltil "Study of 3 roller portable pipe bending machine," International Journal of Advanced Technology in Engineering and Science,  Vol. No 4 Issue 3, pp 320-326, March 2016.

[2] V. Senthil Raja, R. Maguteheswaran, C. Karthik, S. Rajjarajan, D. Shanmuga Vadivel "A new model in design and manufacturing of mobile hydraulic pipe bending machine in industry," IJERTVol.3 Issue 1,Pp 2706-2713, January – 2014.

[3] Peter H. Watter, Raoul Plettke "Process model for the design of bent 3-dimensional free-form geometries for the three-roll-push-bending process" Forty Sixth CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems 2013,Pp 240-245.

[4]  Akbar H Khan , Pravin K Ghule , Ranjit P Shingare, "Design development and experimental study of pipe bending machine" Journal of Industrial Engineering and its Applications, Volume 2 Issue 1,Pp 1-13.

[5] Basil E. Okaffor, Danviel Obiora Isiohia,“Development of a motorized pipe bend machine," IJET, Pp 305-312,May, 2014.

[6]    Nang Liu, He Yeng, Heng Li, M. Zhan, ZhijuanThao, Xiao Hun, "Modelling of wrinkling in NC bending of thin-walled tubes with large diameters under multi-die constraints using hybrid method," 11th International Conference on Technology of Plasticity, ICTP 2014, 19-24 October 2014, Pp 2171-2176, Nagoya, Japan.
[7] Y. Zhang, D. Redekop, "Shell element simulation of the push method of tube bending," Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering Volume 17 Issue 1-2Pp 301-304,  July-August 2006.

[8] Yang He, LlHeng, Zhang Zhiyong, Zhan Mei, Liu Jing, Ll Guangjun, "Advances and trends on tube bending forming technologies, "Chinese Journal of Aerounatics 25 pp 1-12,(2012).

[9] Zbigniew Pater ,Arkadiusz Tofil, "FE simulation of the tube rolling process in diescher’s mill," Advances in Science and Technology Research Journal Volume 8, No. 22,Pp 51–55, June 2014.

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Experimental Analysis Of Hydraulic Oil Cooler By Application Of Heat Pipe

[K.S.Rambhad, Amit N. Borugale, Shubham N. Khandre, Akshay S. Kale, Aniket P. Shinde] Volume 6: Issue 2, May 2019, pp 49 - 52 

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.2.6.20190409

Abstract The thought of heat pipe is effectively utilized in in mechanism. The heat  pipe device has less maintenance price, house and running price. The heat  pipe equipped hydraulic oil cooler uses heat pipe module includes of a base metal block with oil channels machined on the highest face of metallic element block on that top plate is fitted. The heat  pipe wont to transfer the heat from the new oil to the encircling air through fins is press fitted within the cavity of this metal block. The heat  pipe evaporator section is in direct contact with hot oil whereas the condenser section of the heat pipe is fitted within the circular cavity in the spiral radial fin structure. The spiral fins act as heat improvement technique as they provide most expanse.

Index terms - Heat Pipe, Hydraulic system, Effectiveness, Capacity ratio.
[1] Kang, S. W., Wei, W. C., Tsai, S. H., and Yang, S. Y., 2006, ―ExperimentalInvestigation of Silver Nano-Fluid on Heat Pipe Thermal Performance,‖ Appl.Therm. Eng., 26, pp. 2377–2382.

[2] Bejan, A., and Sciubba, E., 1992, ―The Optimal Spacing of Parallel PlatesCooled by Forced Convection,‖ Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 35, pp.3259–3264.

[3] Yeh, R. H., and Chang, M., 1995, ―Optimum Longitudinal Convective FinArrays,‖ Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer, 22(3), pp. 445–460.

[4] Wei, J., Hijikata, K., and Inoue, T., 1996, ―Fin Efficiency Enhancement Usinga Gravity-Assisted Plannar Heat Pipe,‖ Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 40(5), pp1045–1051.

[5] Kwan, C. T., Jan, F. S., and Lee, W. C., 2008, ―An Optimum Die Fillet Designfor Minimizing the Difference in Extruded Fin Lengths of Straight-Fin HeatSink Extrusion,‖ J. Mater. Process. Technol., 201, pp. 145–149.

[6] Chen-Ching Ting, Chien-Chih Chen ―Developing the Coaxial Dual-Pipe Heat Pipe for Applications on Heat Pipe Cooler‖ 2011 by ASME,September 2011, Vol. 133 / 092901-1.

[7] Q. Wang, Y. Cao, R. Wang, F. Mignano, G. Chen ―Studies of a Heat-Pipe Cooled Piston Crown’’, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power JANUARY 2000, Vol. 122 / 99.

[8] YonglingFula, Meng Zhang, HaitaoQilb, Gaocheng an ―Application of Heat Pipe Technology in the Design of Hydraulic Motor Pump‖, International Conference on Electronic & Mechanical Engineering and Information Technology, 2011.

[9] C. R. Kamthane, P. M. Khanwalkar―Development of Enhanced Cross Flow Heat Pipe Hydraulic Oil Cooler‖, International Journal of Pure and Applied Research in Engineering and Technology, 2014; Volume 2 (9): 218-228.

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Biodiesel Preparation from Neem Oil and Performance on Its Blend

[S.P. Kadu, Rohan J. Babar, Somnath C. Ugale, Mahesh Y. Tale, Akshay  V. Survase] Volume 6: Issue 2, May 2019, pp  

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.2.6.20190408

Abstract These research deals with the preparation of neem oil Biodiesel. This paper mainly involves two-step transterification. The transterification process transforms neem oil into methyl esters. The significant properties of the biodiesel such as flashpoint, viscosity, calorific value, density are compared with the diesel. The viscosity of biodiesel oil is closer to diesel and the calorific value is about 15% less than diesel. This thesis supports the Neem oil biodiesel optimum production of neem oil and then studying engine performance using the biodiesel blends mix with diesel. A four stroke variable compression ratio single cylinder compression ignition engine was used to measure performance parameters. Biodiesel added to the diesel  at four different volume concentrations i.e. 10, 20, 30 and 40% of biodiesel. Based on the analysis of performance the biodiesel blend B20 was found optimum for the most efficient operation of the engine.

Index terms - Biodiesel, Neem oil, Esterification, free fatty acid, pretreatment, transterification, Compression ratio.
[1] S.P. Kadu et al “Use of vegetable oil by transterification method as C.I. engine fuels ” Journal of Engineering Research and Studies E-ISSN0976-7916
[2] T. Sathya et al “Biodiesel production from neem oil using two step transesterification” International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622
[3] Md. Hasan Ali et al “Biodiesel from Neem oil as an alternative fuel to  Diesel engine” 5th BSME International Conference on Thermal Engineering Procedia Engineering 56 ( 2013 ) 625 – 630
[4] Anindita Karmakar et al “Process optimization of biodiesel production from Neem oil” Indian J. Agric. Res., 51(6)2017 : 529-535
[5] B. Karunanithi et al “Biodiesel production from neem oil –an alternate approach” B. Karunanithi Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 5, Issue 5, ( Part -4) May 2015, pp.32-37
[6] Meda Chandra Sekhar1, “Production of Biodiesel from Neem Oil” International Journal of Engineering Studies ISSN 0975- 6469 Volume 1, Number 4 (2009), pp. 295–302
[7] Shafaque Firoz et al “A review: Advantages and Disadvantages of Biodiesel”  International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology ,e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 04 Issue: 11 ,Nov -2017
[8] Avinash Kumar Agarwal et al “Performance, emission and combustion characterization of biodiesel in generator engine” Engine Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur-208016, India
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Design and Manufacturing of 3-Axis Portable Machine With Criss Cross Mechanism

[S. A. Karve, Ajit Doiphode, Shantunjay Biradar, Rupam Shinde] Volume 6: Issue 2, May 2019, pp 44 - 48 

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.2.6.20190406

Abstract Lift is a straightforward mechanical gadget used to raise component or item from ground level to a specific stature to play out a particular work with most extreme burden and least endeavors. This task portrays the structure just as examination of scissor lift which will be worked on DC engines. Additionally such structure can make the lift increasingly minimized and much reasonable for medium scale work. In any case, for this situation alongside lifting material we are additionally going to attempt to move the material at an equivalent stature various way. The upper base or board will be moved with the assistance of lead screw which is worked by DC engine. At long last, the investigation will be completed so as to check the similarity of the plan esteems.

Index terms - Portable, 3-Axis, Scissor Mechanism, Drilling.
[1] Shinde Nikhil, Vishwakarma Prem, Sanjay Kumar, Godse Rahul, P.A. Patil, “Design & Development of Twin Drill Head Machine and Drilling Depth Control”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, Issue 5, May 2015.

[2] A.S. Udgave, Prof.V.J. Khot, “Design & development of multi spindle drilling head (msdh)”, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering,  Vol. 11, PP: 60-69.

[3] Pravin A. Desai and Vishal V. Jadhav, “Design of Multi Spindle Drilling Machine, International Journal of Design and Manufacturing Technology”, 2017, pp. 01

[4]  Ajay Kumar Singh, Nishant Moona,“Design of a Universal Micro Radial Drilling Machine” International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering, Volume 2, Issue 09, March 2016

[5] R.Anandhan, P.Gunasekaran, D.Sreenevasan, D.Rajamaruthu,“Design and Fabrication of Angular Drilling Machine”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 5, Issue 8, May 2016.

[6] Amay Saxena, “Deriving a Generalized, Actuator Position-Independent, Expression for the Force Output of a Scissor Lift”, University of California, Berkeley, 2016.

[7]   Suraj B. Dhanawade, Shubham S. Bhujbal, Rohan R. Dhane, Prof. Rahul R. Narkar, Prof. Sangram S. Bhosale, “Design, Analysis and Development of Hydraulic Scissor Lift”, International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development, Volume 4, Issue 3, March -2017.

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Manufacturing of ZnO nanofibers using Electrospinning

[Nand Jee Kanu, Sachin Chavan, Amit Pawar, Sanket Patil, Bhushan Rane, Shubham Patil] Volume 6: Issue 2, May 2019, pp  

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.2.6.20190405

Abstract - Nanostructured zinc oxide (ZnO) materials have been of interest for researchers because of their elemental abundance, nontoxicity, and wide range of applications . Enormous methods have been used to fabricate nanofibers, But electrospinning only method which is the simplest cost effective with the highly versatile technique that has been extensively used for the fabrication continuous fibers. This is a versatile technique, which can be used to generate nanofibers from a rich variety of materials.
We investigate the variation of a zinc oxide (ZnO)-polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) composite structure in morphology by electrospinning from a series of mixture solutions of ZnO sol–gel and PVP.
Nanotechnology the main advantage is its surface area to volume ratio. Adding materials in form of the nanoparticle, fibers, tubes, flakes, etc. changes the material properties significantly.
The solvent used for the electrospinning solutions was Dimethylformamide(DMF) under the electric field of 24kv with flow rate of 0.5ml/hr. distance between syringe and drum 24cm.
By Electrospun technique, we can achieve the desired diameter of nanofibers. The nanofibers were characterised by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Index terms - Characterization, electrospinning, ZnO.
[1] Bayu Sutanto1,2, Zainal Arifin1, Suyitno1, “Structural Characterisation And Optical Properties Of Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide Nanofibers Synthesized By Electrospinning”
[2] Yingjie Liao1, Takeshi Fukuda1, Norihiko Kamata1 And Makoto Tokunaga, “Diameter Control Of Ultrathin Zno Nanofibers Synthesized By Electrospinning”
[3]  Department Of Chemistry, B Nano Program, South Dakota School Of Mines And Technology, Rapidcity, “Aligned Electrospun Zno Nanofibers For Simple And Sensitive Ultraviolet Nanosensors” Sd 57701, C Materials Science And Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak.
[4]  “Fabrication Of Electro Spinning 1d Zno Nano Fibers As Uv-photoconductor”dr. Raad S. Sabry Science Of Collage, Al-mustansiriyah University/Baghdad Firas S. Mohammed Science Of Collage, Al-mustansiriyah University/Baghdad.Roonak Abdulsalam A.Alkareem Science Of Collage,Al-mustansiriyahUniversity/Baghda
[5] zhengtao Zhu,a Lifeng Zhang,a Jane Y. Howe,c Yiliang Liao,a Jordan T. Speidel,a Steve Smith,b And Hao Fonga ,“Aligned Electrospun Zno Nanofibers For Simple And Sensitive Ultraviolet Nanosensors”
[6] v.I. Kondratiev1, I. Kink1,2, A.E. Romanov3, L. Dolgov1 1 “Transparent Films From Aluminium-doped Zinc Oxide Fibers Prepared By Electrospinning Method” institute Of Physics, University Of Tartu, W. Ostwaldi 1, Tartu, 50411, Estonia 2kompest Ltd, Puiestee 13b, Tartu, 50303, Estonia 3itmo University, Kronverskiу 49, St. Petersburg, 197101I.
[7] Anna Baranowska-Korczyc • Anna Reszka • Kamil Sobczak • Bo_zena Sikora •Piotr Dziawa “Magnetic Fe doped ZnO nanofibers ob tained by electrospinning”
[8] Ehsan Ghafari a,, “Investigating process-structure relations of ZnO nanofiber via electrospinning method”.
[9] Kalyani Vijaykumar Jada1 “ZnO nanofiber application area and ZnO properties review”
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Manufacturing of Nylon 6, 6 Nanofibers using Electrospinning

[Nand Jee Kanu, Sachin S. Chavan, Gajanan V. Jadhav, Nitin S. Hude, Rahul P. Ganesh, Jivan T. Patil] Volume 6: Issue 2, May 2019, pp  

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.2.6.20190404

Abstract In the following paper manufacturing of nylon6,6 nanofibers using electrospinning and its experimental work is presented. Nanofibers were manufactured by electrospinning its solution. Fibers diameter  were determined by electron microscope. The solvent used in the electrospinning solution of formic acid under the electric field of 22kv with flow rate of 0.4ml/hr. distance between syringe and drum 13cm. For 25ml of formic acid-3.6 grams of nylon 6,6 was used, without altering room conditions.

Index terms - Characterization, Electrospinning, Nylon 6,6
[1] Lilia Muller Guerrini, “Electrospinning and Characterization of Polyamide 66 Nanofibers with Different Molecular Weights”,  Materials  Research,  Vol.  12, No.  2,  181-190, 2009.
[2] Zheng-Ming Huang, “A review on polymer nanofibers by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites”, Composites Science and Technology 63 (2003) 2223–2253.
[3] Xiaomin Shi, Weiping Zhou, Delong Ma, Qian Ma, Denzel Bridges, Ying Ma, and Anming Hu, “Electrospinning of Nanofibers and Their Applications for Energy Devices” Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Nanomaterials Volume 2015, Article ID 140716.
[4] Amar Shafrin Azizo, “Assessment of nylon 6, 6 nanofibre membrane for microalgae harvesting”, AIP Conference Proceedings 1891, 020032 (2017)
[5] Hassaneltrabi Tajuddin Alssir Ahmaydy, “The effect of solvent ratio on polystyrene and nylon 6,6 nanofibers membrane”, eProceedings Chemistry 2 (2016) 114-118.
[6] Hale Karakaş, “Electrospinning of nanofibers and their applications”, MDT ‘Electrospinning
[7] Jian Yao, “High Strength and High Modulus Electro spun Nanofibers”, Fibers 2014, 2, 158-187
[8] GOLCHEHR AMINI, “Fabrication of Polyurethane  and Nylon 66 Hybrid Electrospun Nanofiber Layer for Waterproof Clothing Applications”, Advances in Polymer Technology, 2015.
[9] M Joshia, A Bhattacharyya & S Wazed Ali “Characterization techniques for nanotechnology applications in  textiles” Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research Vol 33, September 2008, pp. 304-317
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