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Welding Spatter Reduction and Time Study: A Review

[N. T. Parshuramkar, K. S. Rambhad, R. ChandranVolume 4: Issue 4, Dec 2017, pp 88-90

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.4.4.20171025
Abstract - There are number of welding strategies accessible for welding materials. The present paper relates different strategies for diminished in weld scatter. The decision of the welding relies upon a few elements; basically among them are the compositional scope of the material to be welded, the thickness of the base materials and sort of current. This paper concentrate on strategy for applying hostile to scatter fluid with or without change in parameter utilized as a part of welding on the surface of body to reduce and simple evacuation of the surface adherence of weld splash on the gatherings. 

Index terms - Anti-spatter, welding, adherence, anti-spatter silicon-sprays, anti-spatter water-based-cream
[1] Whelan, M., "Arc Lamps", Resources, Edison Tech Center, Retrieved November 22, 2014.
[2] Anders Robert E., “Art of welding” US 3330965 A, united states patents 2, 394.
[3] Cary, Howard B; Helzer, Scott C., Modern Welding Technology, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, ISBN 0-13-113029-3, 2005.
[4] N. Jeyaprakash, Adisu Haile, M. Arunprasath, “The parameters and equipments used in tig welding: a review”, The International Journal of Engineering And Science (IJES), 2015.
[5] Scott L. Graham, Rudy A. Holzer, John F. Gerbic “System and Method for Reducing Weld Spatter” US 20070284350 A1 , 2007.
[6] Jeffrey W. Maxwell, Xenophon George Saquet, “Barrier coatings” US 6811821 B2 , 2004.
[7] Lester W. Jordan, Joseph F. Loersch, Robert G. Adinolfi, “Weld spatter protective coating”. US 4532403 A ,1984.
[8] Do Won Seo, Yang Bae Jeon, Jae Kyoo Lim “Effect of Electric Weld Current on Spatter Reduction in Spot Welding Process”, pp. 261-263, 2015.
[9] Young-Cheol Jeong, Yoon-Gyo Jung and Young-Tae Cho, “Simple monitoring of welding spatter for quantification and observation using a mobile phone”, Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 2017.

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Development of Mechanism for Removing Excess Laminated Paper

[Mahesh Shende, Shubham Parchand, K. S. Rambhad, P. P. Shingare, A. SridharVolume 4: Issue 4, Dec 2017, pp 84-87

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.4.4.20171026
Abstract - This paper presents an overview of the new cost-effective edge trimming processes of extra portion melamine impregnated paper on edges which is laminated on wooden particle board used for making modern furniture and other existing edge trimming processes which are widely used in short cycle lamination press (pre-lamination press). The development and implementation of new edge trimming methods for removing excess paper are expected to result in significant cost saving, improved product quality, reduction in scratches and time saving.

Index terms - MDF Board, melamine impregnated paper, short cycle laminating line, short cycle lamination press machine, trimming.
[1]  M.J. Nowlan, J.M. Murach, T.W. McCormick, E.R. Lewis, and S.J. Hogan, “Post-Lamination Manufacturing Process Automation for Photovoltaic Modules” Annual Technical Progress Report 15 April 1998—14 June 1999
[2] Van Ho, Nicholas Maskal, and Andrew Rathod “Design of automatic wood trimming machine’’, Department of Mechanical Engineering by Mahogany automation, Dec. 2013.
[3] A. Lynn Abbott, Daniel L. Schmoidt, Philip A. Araman, “Automatic scanning of rough hardwood lumber for edging and trimming.” Nov. 2001.
[4] David Zavala Z. “Analysis of Processes Operative within Plywood During Hot Pressing” 15, 1986
[5]  S. N. Gandhare, A.V. Pathare, A. K. Wairagade, P. M. Kakde, B. N. Bhad and V. A. Wadibhasme, Scope For Design & Development of 2r Edge Trimming Mechanism & Tool Adjustment. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, 7(2), 2016, pp. 266–272.

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Hydraulic Systems and Hydraulic Leakages - A Review

[N. K. Wargantiwar, K. S. Rambhad, P. B. Ballamwar] Volume 4: Issue 4, Dec 2017, pp 80-83

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.4.4.20171007
Abstract - This paper presents various aspects of hydraulic system with the focus on hydraulic leakages. In this paper, the standards hidden the operation of desiccant hydraulic system are reviewed and their genuine innovative applications are talked about. Some commented examples are presented to illustrate how the hydraulic system can be a perfective supplement to other machines such as hydraulic breaks, lifts, industrial machinery.

Index terms - Hydraulic system, leakages, open system, closed system, integration assembly.
[1] Sayed Mufeez Ahemad, “Study on basic component of hydraulic system”, International journal of trends and technology, volume 39, number 5, 2016.
[2] K. Haraniya sing, “Hydraulic and pneumatic chapter 12”, pp. 12-6 to 12-9.
[3] Elena Ponomarena, “Hydraulic and pneumatic actuators and their application areas”, 2016.
[4] K. Haraniya sing, “Hydraulic and pneumatic chapter 12, pg no.12-36.
[5] Hydraulic and pneumatic, http://www.hydraulicspneumatics.com/
[6] Yuken Kogyu co. ltd, “Basic hydraulic and component”, chapter 2 pp 6 - 14
[7] Cat hydraulic system support manual, pp. 16
[8] A. L. Hitchox, “Hydraulic and pneumatic”, the magazine of fluid power and motion control system, November 2000, Penton publication
[9] Ged mark, mike feeney ,siva, ayadurai cat hydraulic system, pp 16.
[10] Safe hydraulic, gates publication, pp.6 to 17

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Methods of Improving Cutting Tool Life - A Review

[Harshal Ambule, K. S. RambhadVolume 4: Issue 4, Dec 2017, pp 78-79

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.4.4.20171005
Abstract - In production, cutting tool is necessity tool for machining Process. It gives accuracy and surface finish by doing cutting action. The tool must be strong and having withstand wear resistance and produced more component for long period. During production of metal, machining is an important process which helps to gain good accuracy and shape. The life of carbide cutting tool is increased by giving coating. Coatings like TiN, Al2O3, TiN/ Al2O3 and TiC/ Al2O3 /TiN respectively.

Index terms - Coated carbide inserts, Coating Materials, Alumina, Titanium Nitride and Steel AISI 1018.
[1] M. Narasimha, “Improving Cutting Tool Life a Review”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Development Volume 7, Issue 1 (May 2013)
[2] AkhileshPratap Singh, “In metal turning, effect of tool rake angles and lubricants on cutting tool life and surface finish: A Review”,International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) Volume: 03 Issue: 02 | Feb-2016
[3] PalDey, S., Deevi, S. C., Single layer and multilayer wear resistant coatings of (Ti,Al)N: A review, Materials Science and Engineering 342 (2003) 58-79.
[4] Abdullah, A., Machining of aluminium based metal matrix composite (MMC) ,Ph.D. Thesis, University of Warwick, Warwick, UK, 1996.
[5] Hogmark, S., Jacobson, S., Larsson, M., Design and evaluation of tribological coatings, Wear 246 (2000) 20-33.
[6] Praveen Kumar k., “Enhancement of Cutting Tool Life by Wear Study”, International Journal of Mechanical and
Industrial TechnologyVol. 3, Issue 1, pp: (184-189), Month: April 2015 - September 2015.
[7] S. V. Kadam., “Review of Different Approaches to Improve Tool Life”, International Journal of Innovation Research in Science, Enginnering and TechnologyVolume 3, Special Issue 4, April 2014.

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Concept of Jigs and Fixture Design –A Review

[Ankita Patil, Kishor S. Rambhad, D. R. Bele]  Volume 4: Issue 4, Dec 2017, pp 73-77

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.4.4.20171004
Abstract— Jigs and fixtures setup is utilized to decrease the work stack inside the organization. The jigs and installations are the practical approaches to deliver a part in mass. So jigs and fixtures are utilized and fill in as a standout amongst the most vital office of large scale manufacturing framework. These are extraordinary work holding and device controlling gadget. Nature of the execution of a procedure to a great extent affected by the nature of jigs and fixture is utilized for this reason. What makes an fixtures remarkable is that everyone is worked to fits a specific parts or shape. The fundamental motivation behind an installation is to find and in the cases hold a work piece amid an operation.

Index Terms— fixture, accuracy, clamping, productivity.
[1] Guohua Qin , Weihong, Zhang Min Wan ―analysis and optimal design of fixture clamping sequence ASME for publication in the Journal of Manufacturing Science And Engineering, 2006.
[2] Djoedje Vukelic, Uros Zuperl & Janko Hodolic ―Complex system for fixture selection, modification, and design‖ Int J Adv. Manuf. Technol. 45:731-748 DOI 10.1007/s00170-009-2014-y, 2009.
[3] Weifang Chen Lijun Ni & Jianbin Xue ―deformation control through fixture layout design and clamping force optimization‖ Int J Adv. Manuf Technol 38:860-867 DOI10.1007/s00170-007-1153-2,2008.
[4] J.Cecil ―a clamping design approach for automated fixture design‖ Int J Adv. Manuf Technol 18:784-789, 2008.
[5] Nicholas Amaral , Joseph J Rencis Viming (Kevin) Rong ―development of a finite element analysis tool for fixture design integrity verification and optimization‖ Int J Adv. Manuf Technol 25:409-419, 2005.
[6] Y. Wang, X. Chen. N, Gindy ―surface error decomposition for fixture development‖ Int J Adv. Manuf Technol DOI 10.1007/s00170*005-0270-z, 2007.
[7] Shrinkant. Y. Peshawar, I.P Raut ―design and development of fixture for eccentric shaft: a review‖ international journal of engineering research and applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 VOL. 3, ISSUE 1, February 2013.
[8] Car Lane manufacturing Co. http://www.carrlane.com/Articles/StPartCL.cfm
[9] Lecture Notes Jigs and Fixture, Manufacturing Process-III. http://www.ignou.ac.in/upload/jig.pdf
[10] Siemens Tooling and Fixture Design, Advanced Automation and Process Simulation. http://www.plm.automation.siemens.com/en_us/products/nx/for-manufacturing/tooling-fixture-design.

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Material Flow in Cutting of Metals Affected by Low Frequency Modulation - A Review

[Akhilesh Kumar Jha, Kishor S. Rambhad, Mayur Bhosale] Volume 4: Issue 4, Dec 2017, pp 69-72

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.4.4.20171006

Abstract — This paper has been exhibited for different part of the misshapening field, material stream, and mechanics of chip division in cutting of metals with superimposed low-recurrence tweak (1000 HZ) are described at the mesoscale utilizing rapid imaging and molecule picture of velocimetry (PIV).

Index Terms — Cutting, Contact mechanics, Energy conservation, Velocity-Modulation


[1] Shaw, M.C.: Metal Cutting Principles, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1984.
[2] Nakayama, K.: Studies on the mechanisms of metal cutting. Bull. Fac. Eng. Yok. Natl. Univ. Jap. 8, 1–26, 1959.
[3] Doyle, E.D., Horne, J.G., Tabor, D.: Frictional interactions between chip and rake face in continuous chip formation. Proc. Royal Soc. Lond. Sect. A 366, 173–183, 1979.
[4] Ackroyd, B., Chandrasekar, S., Compton, W.D.: A model for the contact conditions at the tool-chip interface in low-speed cutting of pure metals. J. Tribol. 125, 649–660, 2003.
[5] Williams, J.A., Tabor, D.: The role of lubricants in machining. Wear 43, 275–292, 1977.
[6] De Chiffre, L.: Mechanics of metal cutting and cutting fluid action. Int. J. Mach. Tool Des. Res. 17, 225–234, 1977.
[7] Wakabayashi, T., Williams, J.A., Hutchings, I.M.: The kinetics of gas-phase lubrication in the orthogonal machining of an aluminium alloy. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part J: J. Eng. Tribol. 209, 131–136, 1995.
[8] Huang, C., Lee, S., Sullivan, J.P., Chandrasekar, S.: In situ measurement of fluid film thickness in machining. Tribol. Lett. 28, 39–44, 2007.
[9] Tobias, S., Fishwick, W.: The chatter of lathe tools under orthogonal cutting conditions. Trans. ASME 80, 1079–1088, 1958.
[10] Findley, H.: Method and apparatus for cutting material. US Patent 3,174,404, 1965
[11] Kumabe, J.: Vibration cutting—basic principle and application, Jikkyo Shuppan Books (1979), as cited in Zhang, D., Wang, L.: Investigation of chip in vibration drilling, Int. J. Mach. Tool. Manuf. 38–3, 165–176, 1998.
[12] Moriwaki, T., Shamoto, E.: Ultraprecision diamond turning of stainless steel by applying ultrasonic vibration. CIRP Ann. 40, 559–562, 1991.
[13] Moscoso, W., Olgun, E., Compton, W.D., Chandrasekar, S.: Effect of low-frequency modulation on lubrication of chip-tool interface in machining. J. Tribol. 127, 238–244, 2005.
[14] Shamoto, E., Moriwaki, T.: Study on elliptical vibration cutting. CIRP Ann. 43, 35–38, 1994.
[15] Toews III, H.G., Compton, W.D., Chandrasekar, S.: A study of the influence of superimposed low-frequency modulation on the drilling process. Precis. Eng. 22, 1–9, 1998.
[16] Chhabra, P.N., Ackroyd, B., Compton, W.D., Chandrasekar, S.: Low-frequency modulation-assisted drilling using linear drives.

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