The Effects of Cerium Oxide Nano-particle as Fuel Additives in Diesel and Biodiesel Blends: A Review

[Dhiraj S. Patil, Mukund Y. Pandey, Dattatray A. Chopade] Volume 4: Issue 1, March 2017, pp 12-15

Abstract— The main objective of paper is the need to reduce emission which is major impulse to the development of alternative fuel; biodiesel has been developed as an alternative fuel for C.I. engine but it show slightly lower performance and reduction in SOX, CO, HC, CO2 emissions as compare with diesel. But due to higher oxygen contain in biodiesel the formation of NOX was observed higher. Nano-fuels have shown better improvement in combustion, performance and emission characteristics of CI engine. The blending of biodiesel increases the thermal efficiency near to that of diesel and also significantly large reduction in NOX is observed.

Index Terms— Nano-particle, alternative fuel, biodiesel, performance, emission, NOX
[1] J. P. A. Neeft, M. Makkee, and J. A. Moulijn, ―Diesel particulate emission control,‖ Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 47, no. 1, pp.1–69, 1996.
[2] Sajeevan, A. C., & Sajith, V. (2013). Diesel Engine Emission Reduction Using Catalytic Nanoparticles: An Experimental Investigation. Journal of Engineering.
[3] Sajith, V., Sobhan, C. B., & Peterson, G. P. (2010). Experimental investigations on the effects of cerium oxide nanoparticle fuel additives on biodiesel. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 2, 581407.
[4] Karthikeyana, S., Elangob, A., & Prathimac, A. (2014). Performance and Emission Study on Zinc Oxide Particles Addition with Promolion Stearin Wax Biodiesel of Engine. Journal of Science and Industrial Research, 73.
[5] Lenin, M. A., Swaminathan, M. R., & Kumaresan, G. (2013). Performance and emission characteristics of a DI diesel engine with a nanofuel additive. Fuel, 109, 362-365.
[6] Ranaware, A. A., & Satpute, S. T. (2013). Correlation between effects of cerium oxide nanoparticles and ferrofluid on the performance and emission characteristics of a CI Engine. Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering.
[7] Hani Chotai, H.,(2014). Effect of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles and Carbon Nanotubes asfuel-borne additives in Diesterol blends on the performance, combustion and emission characteristics of a variable compression ratio engine. Fuel, 130.
[8] Singh, G., & Sharma, S. (2015). Performance, combustion and emission characteristics of compression ignition engine using nano-fuel: a review.International journal of engineering sciences & research technology, 4(6).
[9] Rao, K. S., Gupta, B. L. V. S., Rao, K. M., & Rao, G. S. (2015). Effects of Cerium Oxide Nano Particles Addition in Diesel and Bio Diesel on the Performance and Emission Analysis of CI Engine. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 19(1).
[10] Vairamuthua, A. mozishi , S. S. C., & Thangagiric, B. (2015). Investigation on the Effects of nanocerium oxide on the performance of CalophyllumInophyllum (punnai) biodiesel in a DI diesel engine. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences www. jchps. com ISSN, 974, 2115.

Popular Posts