Manufacturing of ZnO nanofibers using Electrospinning

[Nand Jee Kanu, Sachin Chavan, Amit Pawar, Sanket Patil, Bhushan Rane, Shubham Patil] Volume 6: Issue 2, May 2019, pp  

DOI: 10.26706/IJAEFEA.2.6.20190405

Abstract - Nanostructured zinc oxide (ZnO) materials have been of interest for researchers because of their elemental abundance, nontoxicity, and wide range of applications . Enormous methods have been used to fabricate nanofibers, But electrospinning only method which is the simplest cost effective with the highly versatile technique that has been extensively used for the fabrication continuous fibers. This is a versatile technique, which can be used to generate nanofibers from a rich variety of materials.
We investigate the variation of a zinc oxide (ZnO)-polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) composite structure in morphology by electrospinning from a series of mixture solutions of ZnO sol–gel and PVP.
Nanotechnology the main advantage is its surface area to volume ratio. Adding materials in form of the nanoparticle, fibers, tubes, flakes, etc. changes the material properties significantly.
The solvent used for the electrospinning solutions was Dimethylformamide(DMF) under the electric field of 24kv with flow rate of 0.5ml/hr. distance between syringe and drum 24cm.
By Electrospun technique, we can achieve the desired diameter of nanofibers. The nanofibers were characterised by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Index terms - Characterization, electrospinning, ZnO.
[1] Bayu Sutanto1,2, Zainal Arifin1, Suyitno1, “Structural Characterisation And Optical Properties Of Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide Nanofibers Synthesized By Electrospinning”
[2] Yingjie Liao1, Takeshi Fukuda1, Norihiko Kamata1 And Makoto Tokunaga, “Diameter Control Of Ultrathin Zno Nanofibers Synthesized By Electrospinning”
[3]  Department Of Chemistry, B Nano Program, South Dakota School Of Mines And Technology, Rapidcity, “Aligned Electrospun Zno Nanofibers For Simple And Sensitive Ultraviolet Nanosensors” Sd 57701, C Materials Science And Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak.
[4]  “Fabrication Of Electro Spinning 1d Zno Nano Fibers As Uv-photoconductor”dr. Raad S. Sabry Science Of Collage, Al-mustansiriyah University/Baghdad Firas S. Mohammed Science Of Collage, Al-mustansiriyah University/Baghdad.Roonak Abdulsalam A.Alkareem Science Of Collage,Al-mustansiriyahUniversity/Baghda
[5] zhengtao Zhu,a Lifeng Zhang,a Jane Y. Howe,c Yiliang Liao,a Jordan T. Speidel,a Steve Smith,b And Hao Fonga ,“Aligned Electrospun Zno Nanofibers For Simple And Sensitive Ultraviolet Nanosensors”
[6] v.I. Kondratiev1, I. Kink1,2, A.E. Romanov3, L. Dolgov1 1 “Transparent Films From Aluminium-doped Zinc Oxide Fibers Prepared By Electrospinning Method” institute Of Physics, University Of Tartu, W. Ostwaldi 1, Tartu, 50411, Estonia 2kompest Ltd, Puiestee 13b, Tartu, 50303, Estonia 3itmo University, Kronverskiу 49, St. Petersburg, 197101I.
[7] Anna Baranowska-Korczyc • Anna Reszka • Kamil Sobczak • Bo_zena Sikora •Piotr Dziawa “Magnetic Fe doped ZnO nanofibers ob tained by electrospinning”
[8] Ehsan Ghafari a,, “Investigating process-structure relations of ZnO nanofiber via electrospinning method”.
[9] Kalyani Vijaykumar Jada1 “ZnO nanofiber application area and ZnO properties review”
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