PLC Based 2D Pneumatic Palletizer Design and Manufacturing

Uday Chhagan Patil, Manoj M. Nehete
Volume 4: Issue 3, Oct 2017, pp 59-64

Author's Information
Uday Chhagan Patil1 
Corresponding Author
1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sinhgad College of Engineering, Vadgaon Bk., Pune-411042, Maharashtra, India

Manoj M.Nehete2
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sinhgad College of Engineering, Vadgaon Bk., Pune-411042, Maharashtra, India.

Research Article -- Peer Reviewed
Published online – 20 Oct 2017

Open Access article under Creative Commons License

Cite this article – Uday Chhagan Patil, Manoj M. Nehete, “PLC Based 2D Pneumatic Palletizer Design and Manufacturing”, International Journal of Analytical, Experimental and Finite Element Analysis, RAME Publishers, vol. 4, issue 3, pp. 59-64, Oct 2017.

The proper material handling has a huge impact on production and distribution system. The use of pallets is efficient to handle small objects in large quantities so as to properly pack in cartons. The manual palletization is time consuming, expensive and also puts unnecessary stress on workers. The palletizers available are manual and microcontroller based. These solutions are not flexible enough to match production system requirements, and not cost effective as well. In this study the main aim is to incorporate flexibility with the help of PLC while being cost effective. It is proposed to have desired flexibility in pallet array size and layers in pallet. The proposed system has the pallet array size of 3×3 to 5×5 and single layer to 3 layers. The neatly and aesthetically designed control panel is used to select array size, layer control with advance PLC programming features. The algorithm is so designed it shall smoothly bridge other FMS components like conveyer. This system is not only cost effective but also adds the dimension of flexibility to palletization, so as to make it capable of handling future requirements including change in operation, etc. with the help of simple change in programming and/ or control and thus shall be avoiding expensive hardware changes.
To design, manufacture a PLC based 2D pneumatic table top palletizer with the pallet array size of 3×3 to 5×5, consist of single layer to 3 layers and suitable control panel to indicate object presence in the process at particular stage, essential buttons, a special button to integrate the palletizer with supporting conveyor.
Index Terms:-
Palletizer, Palletiser, Programmable PLC, Material Handling
[1] Sean Gallagher and John R. Heberger, “The effects of operator position, pallet orientation, and palletizing condition on low back loads in manual bag palletizing operations,” Published by Elsevier B.V, 0169-8141, 25 March 2015.

[2] C.G. Drury, D.P. Roberts, R. Hansgenand and J.R. Bayman “Evaluation of a paltetising aid,” Applied Ergonomics, vol. Ed.14.4, pp. 242-246, Dec.1983.

[3] Balsubramaniam Ram, “The pallet loading problem: A survey,” International Journal of Producation Economics, vol. Ed. 28, pp. 217-225, June 1992.

[4] Yi Chich Chiu, Din Sue Fon and Gang Jhy Wu, “Development of an Automatic Pallet Handling System for Seeded Trays,” Published by Elsevier Ltd, Biosystems Engineering, vol Ed. 93.2, pp. 123-138, Jan. 2006.

[5] Pavel Dzitac and Abdul Md Mazid, “A Robotic Palletiser Control Strategy Redesign,” Published by IEEE 8th conference on Industrial Electronics and Application, 978-1-4673-6322-8, Aug. 2013.

[6] Nadia Baldassino, Claudio Bernuzzi, “Analysis and behaviour of steel storage pallet racks,” Published by Elsevier B.V, vol. Ed. 77, pp. 391-401, 24 March 2000.

[7] M.H.R. Godley, R.G. Beale and X. Feng, “Analysis and design of down-aisle pallet rack structures,” Published by Elsevier B.V, Computers and Structures, vol. Ed. 37, pp. 277-304, 24 July 2000.

[8] Chin-Sheng Chen, Balasubramanian Ram and Sanjiv Sarin, “Design and Development of a Physical Simulator for Robotic Palletization,” Published by Pergamon Press plc, Computers ind. Engng, vol. Ed. 17 1-4, pp. 202-208, 1989.

[9] Valerio Elia and Maria Grazia Gnoni, “Designing an effective closed loop system for pallet management,” Published by Int. J. Production Evonomics, S0925-5273(15)00182-6, 19 May 2015.

[10] J. Singh, E. Olsen, K. Vorst and K. Tripp, “RFID Tag Readability Issues with Palletized Loads of Consumer Goods, ”Published by Wiley InterScience, Packing Technology and Science, vol. Ed. 22, pp. 431-441, 4 June 2009.

To view full paper, Download here

To View Full Paper

Publishing with