Manufacturing and Characterization of Electrospun Carbon Nanofibers

Nand Jee Kanu, Sachin Chavan, Siddhesh Navale, Anil khulape, Harshavardhan Kamble, Nikhil Bagal
Volume 6: Issue 2, May 2019, pp 59-62

Author's Information
Nand Jee Kanu1 
Corresponding Author
1Mechanical Engineering Department, JSPM Narhe Technical Campus, Pune, India

Sachin Chavan, Siddhesh Navale, Anil khulape, Harshavardhan Kamble, Nikhil Bagal
1Mechanical Engineering Department, JSPM Narhe Technical Campus, Pune, India

Research Article -- Peer Reviewed
Published online – 30 May 2019

Open Access article under Creative Commons License

Cite this article – Nand Jee Kanu, Sachin Chavan, Siddhesh Navale, Anil khulape, Harshavardhan Kamble, Nikhil Bagal, “Manufacturing and Characterization of Electrospun Carbon Nanofibers ”, International Journal of Analytical, Experimental and Finite Element Analysis, RAME Publishers, vol. 6, issue 2, pp. 59-62, May 2019.

Carbon is a chemical element having atomic number 6 and specified by using letter “C”. It has high chemical bonding flexibility. Because of this property it can form number of stable organic and inorganic molecules. It is the one of the element found in all living and non-living thing. Carbon atoms can from polymers at different temperature. Atomic bonding between carbon atoms with other can form various allotropes with tremendous property. Graphite and diamond are most famous allotropes. Also it has good thermal, electrical and mechanical properties. Hence it show the ability to form fibers of different properties and characteristics. The characterization of fibers can be done using microscopes such as Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM), etc. This paper presents the entire experimental work and manufacturing of carbon nanofiber using electrospinning process. Carbon nanofibers obtained by electrospinning process were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
Index Terms:-
Electrospinning, Carbon nanofibers, Polyacrylonitril (PAN), Dimethylformamide (DMF), Characterization.
[1] Zheng-Ming HuangY. -Z. Zhang, M. Kotaki, S. Ramakrishna “A review on polymer nanofibers by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites” Composites Science and Technology 63 (2003) 2223–2253

[2] G. B. Fields, J. L. Lauer, Y. Dori, P. Forns, Y. C. Yu, M. Tirrel, “Protein-like molecular architecture: biomaterial applications for inducing cellular receptor binding and signal transduction”, Biopolymers, 47,143–51 (1998)

[3] Bergshoef MM, Vancso GJ. Transparent nanocomposites with ultrathin, electrospun Nylon-4,6 fiber reinforcement. Adv Mater 1999;11(16):1362–5.

[4] Buchko CJ, Kozloff KM, Martin DC. Surface characterization of porous, biocompatible protein polymer thin films. Biomaterials 2001;22(11):1289–300.

[5] J.M Deitzel, J Kleinmeyer,D.Harris,N.C Beck Tan “The effect of processing variables on the morphology of the electrospun nanofibers and textile” ,Polymer 42(2001)261-272.

[6] Demczyk B.G., Wang Y.M., Cumings J., Hetman M., Han W., Zettl A., et al. “Direct mechanical measurement of the tensile strength and elastic modulus of multiwalled carbon nanotubes,” Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 334, (2002), Pg. 173–178

[7] Ko FK, El-Aufy A, Lam H, and MacDiarmid AG. “Electrostatically generated nanofibres for wearable electronics”: Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2005.

[8] Li C, Thostenson ET, Chou T-W. Sensors and actuators based on carbon nanotubes and their composites: a review. Compos Sci Technol 2008 ;68 :1227–49.

[9] Brian P. Sautter, “Continuous Polymer Nanofibers Using Electrospinning” NSF-REU Summer 2005 Program, University of Illinois at Chicago August 5, 2005

[10] Nasimamiraliyan, Mahdi Nouri, and Mohammad Haghighat Kish, “Electrospinning of Silk Nanofibers. I. An Investigation of Nanofiber Morphology and Process Optimization Using Response Surface Methodology”, Fibers and Polymers 2009, Vol.10, No.2, 167-176.

[11] Ashraf A. Ali, M.A. El-Hamid, “Electro-spinning optimization for precursor carbon nanofibers”, Composites: Part A 37 (2006) 1681–1687.

[12] S.Y. Gu, J. Ren, G.J. Vancso, “Process optimization and empirical modelling for electrospunpolyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofiber precursor of carbon nanofibers”, European

Polymer Journal 41(2005) 2559–2568 M. Young, The Technical Writer's Handbook. Mill Valley, CA: University Science, 1989

[13] Homahomayoni, Seyed Abdol karim hosseiniravandi, Masou mehvali zadeh, “Electrospinning of chitosan nanofibers: Processing optimization”, Carbohydrate Polymers 77 (2009)656–661

[14] Peng Ye, Zhi-Kang Xu, Jian Wu, Christophe Innocent, Patrick Seta, “Nanofibrous poly (acrylonitrileco- maleic acid) membranes functionalized with gelatin and chitosan for lipase immobilization”, Biomaterials 27 (2006) 4169–4176.

[15] Sang Kyoo Lim, Sung-Ho Hwang, Daeic Chang, Soonhyun Kim, “Preparation of mesoporous In2O3 nanofibers by electrospinning and their application as a CO gas sensor”, Sensors and Actuators B 149 (2010) 28–33.

[16] Travis J. Sill, Horst A. von Recum, “Review Electrospinning: Applications in drug delivery and tissue engineering”, Biomaterials 29 (2008) 1989-2006

[17] Narayan Bhattarai, Dennis Edmondson, Omid Veiseh, Frederick A. Matsen, Miqin Zhanga, “Electrospun chitosan-based nanofibers and their cellular compatibility”, Biomaterials 26 (2005) 6176–6184.

[18] Bogdan Cramariuc, Radu Cramariuc, Roxana Scarlet, Liliana Rozemarie Manea, Iuliana G. Lupu, Oana Cramariuc, “Fiber diameter in electrospinning process”, Journal of Electrostatics xxx (2013) 1-10

[19] Pirjo Heikkilä, Ali Harlin, “Parameter study of electrospinning of polyamide-6”, European Polymer Journal 44 (2008) 3067–3079.

[20] George G. Chase, Jackapon Sunthorn Varabhas, Darrell H Renekar,"New Methods to Electrospin nanofibers", Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics.

[21] K Garg, S A Sell and G L Bowlin, “Electrospinning and its influence on the structure on polymeric nanofibers” Virginia Common wealthbUniversity, USA

To view full paper, Download here

To View Full Paper

Publishing with